Most Caribbean countries have developed and implemented programmes on the national level, which are a part of the 119 United Nations Millennium Development Goals. Some of the goals are poverty reduction, high quality education for life, gender equality, and improving global population health. See how some of the countries are actively revising and implementing the approaches to provide high standards of living for its citizens.
Anguilla's health policy and health care system are based on social protection.
The Strategic Health Plan that took two years (2018-2020) to develop, identified new priorities: creating the health care system through the provision of health services at the appropriate level; human resources development and management; family health support; high quality food; healthy nutrition and physical activity of the population; diagnosis of persons with chronic non-communicable diseases; prevention of infectious diseases; determining the impact of the environment on health; and mental health measures.
The Ministry of Social Development is responsible for health, education, youth and culture, sports, and social development.
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda have made great strides in health care. As a result of changes in the social sector, the quality of health services has improved. In particular, it was managed to reduce infant and maternal mortality rates andincrease life expectancy (men - 73 years, women - 77 years). After the implementation of appropriate measures and the establishment of desalination water supply systems, 89.3% of the population gained access to safe drinking water and 72.9% have access to improved sanitation, and 22.7% have adequate living conditions.
Antigua and Barbuda are currently working to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. It is planned to reduce infant mortality, reduce the number of women who die during pregnancy and childbirth, reduce the spread of HIV, malaria, and other diseases, as well as improve health as a result of immunisation measures.
The Government of Saint Lucia strives for fair and quality medical care for all residents. Accordingly, it is working on the implementation of a universal model of affordable medical care. The main goal is to strengthen the organisation and management in the field of health care and social services; maintaining health and improving the quality of life; economic efficiency in the allocation and use of health resources; training of professional staff and motivation of employees in the industry; an effective health information system to support evidence-based planning; introduction of a quality improvement system; and strengthening the infrastructure to support health care reforms.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
The policies of the Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are based on the principles of fairness, accessibility, and quality of health services. The Minister of Health and the Environment is responsible for the implementation of environmental policy and the provision of medical services by public authorities. The work of the government is based on the Millennium Development Goals (reduction of impoverishment, reduction of child mortality, fight against epidemic diseases, expansion of cooperation for development).
National insurance services are provided to citizens caring for the seriously ill, young children, and citizens who have received a disability or injury at work or lost a breadwinner.
Currently, the country has programs such as the Strategic Project on Chemicals Management, the Early Childhood Health Project, and the Industry Information Network Program.